School Science Lessons
UNBiolNFamily
2019-04-05
Please send comments to: J.Elfick@uq.edu.au
Table of contents
9.3.0 Plant classification

Family Rutaceae.
Agathosma species
Rue family, e.g. wampi, elephant apple, boronia.
Trees are easily grafted to produce hybrids and have a single tap root with a mat of horizontal lateral roots, so it is a surface feeder.
Fruits a berry called hesperidium, have thick, leathery peel, with epidermis, thick cuticle and stomata, with outer peel exocarp
photosynthetic in young fruit, then xanthophyll and carotene in yellow-orange fruit, oil glands contain citrus oil, white peel mesocarp
(albedo) contains pectin, and thin, transparent peel endocarp forms pulp vesicles containing sugars and citric acid in fruit segments along
with seeds.
Juice is extracted for squashes and cordials and essential oils are produced from flowers, leaves and peel.

Acronychia species, Aspens, Rutaceae.
Acronidine Quinoline Alkaloid
Acronychia species, Daly's Fruit Trees.
Acronychia acidula, lemon aspen, Australian native food, Rutaceae.
Acronychia oblongifolia, white aspen, Australian native food, Rutaceae.
Acronychia pubescens, hairy aspen, Australian native food, Rutaceae.
Acronychia wilcoxiana, silver aspen, Australian native food, Rutaceae.

Bael tree (Aegle marmelos), only one species, wood apple, Bengal quince, stone apple, vilvam, kuvilam, it is a large, thorny, slow-growing,
deciduous tree with dimorphic branches, trifoliate leaves and globose fruits, with hard, smooth, grey-yellow pericarp shell, used fresh
or dried or in shebert or tasty marmalade which smells of roses, herbal medicine, root and bark decoction for fevers, inflammation,
propagation from seeds (holy fruit linked to Lord Shiva), India, Ceylon, Rutaceae.

White sapote (Casmiroa edulis), Mexican apple, matasano, spreading tree, palmate leaves, deciduous, fast growing, fruit, large,
sweet, yellow-green fruit skin, white flesh, fruits cause drowsiness, seeds contain anti-cancer zapotin, vanilla custard taste, fresh,
grafting, grown from seeds, Mexico, Rutaceae.
White Sapote, Daley's Fruit trees
Wooly-leaved sapote (Casimiroa tetrameria), medium tree, deciduous, leaves have white, furry underside, fast growing, fruit is large,
yellow custard-like, sweet, fresh, grown from grafting, seeds, Mexico, Central America, Rutaceae.

Clausena, Rutaceae.
Clausena species, Daley's Fruit Trees
Horsewood (Clausena anisata), Africa, Southeast Asia, India, Queensland, Rutaceae.
Native wampi (Clausena brevistyla), evergreen shrub, to 6 M, Australian native food, Papua New Guinea, Rutaceae.
Wampi (Clausena lansium), wampee, native wampee, small tree, evergreen, fast growing, strongly scented, fruit, small, round, yellow-green,
aromatic, used fresh or juice, jelly, propagation from seeds, cuttings, grafting, good ornamental, Australian native food, South Asia, Rutaceae.
Gregs wampi (Clausena smyrelliana), Smyrell's clausena, evergreen shrub, up to 6 m, Australian native food, Rutaceae

Citrus species, Rutaceae.
Citrus pages, website
The genetic "parent" species are | Citron | Mandarin orange | Pomelo |.
See diagram: Sweet orange fruit, transverse section
The term "lime" may refer to Citrus species or other species, e.g. the lime tree, linden, is Tilia species.
Limes have high concentration of citric acid and are the most acid citrus fruits.

Australian desert lime (Citrus glauca), desert lime, small tree to 12 m high, greyish green, prominent
oil glands, yellowish green berry, Australian native food, Rutaceae

Kakadu lime (Citrus gracilis), Humpty Doo Lime, shrub, small leaves, corky bark, globose fruit up to 10 cm diameter, Northern Territory
savannah woodlands, Australian native food, Rutaceae

Australian finger lime (Citrus australasica), finger lime, understorey rainforest tree, cylindrical fruit, acidic juice, distinct aroma, used in
marmalades, chutneys, sauces, drinks, Australian native food, Rutaceae
See diagram: Finger lime.
Australian Finger Lime, Daley's Fruit Trees

Red finger lime (Citrus australasica var. sanguinea), Rutaceae.
long, tasty fruit, up to 8cm long, can be sliced into rings like cartwheels, grows 3-6 metres, grows in full sun and part shade.
prickly so planted together for a living fence, fire retardant, frost hardy, slow growing but fast growing when budded onto citrus,
tolerates freely-drained poor soils, SE Queensland, Australian native food, Rutaceae.

Australian round lime (Citrus australis), gympie lime, dooft, dooja, tree up to 20 m, spherical / pear-shaped fruit up to 50 mm diameter,
thick green or yellow skin, pale green pulp, Australian native food, Rutaceae.
Australian Round Lime Daley's Fruit Trees

Bergamot orange (Citrus bergamia, Citrus x aurantium subsp. bergamia), bitter orange tree, Bergamot sour orange (Bergamo, Italian
city), perennial, inside pear-shaped fruit is yellow, flavone glycosides, cultivated mainly in Calabria only for green fragrant essence
called bergamot essential oil prepared from rind by pressure, bergamot orange in Earl Grey tea, Bergamot marmalade | Bergapten |
Limonene | herbal medicine, in Turkish delight, Italy, Canary Islands, Rutaceae.
Dried bergamot orange sold as bergamot orange peel.
Bergamot - Lemon Bergamot
Bergamot orange Daley's Fruit Trees

Blood lime (Citrus australasica var. sanguinea x other species), Australian native food, Rutaceae.
Blood orange Daley's Fruit Trees

Mount White lime (Citrus garrawayi), understory tree in tropical rainforest, up to 15 m, edible fruit, green-yellow elongated fruit,
cooked or eaten raw, Australian native food, Rutaceae.
See diagram Citrus garrawayi
Mount Whte lime Daley's Fruit Trees

Calamondin, calamansi (Citrus microcarpa X Citrofortunella species), Rutaceae
kumquat hybrid, musk lime, acid orange, calamondin orange, Panama orange, calamansi, small
tree, evergreen, fruit, small, round orange, sour, used juice, preserves, marmalade, propagation from budding, common ornamental in
China, Philippines, Rutaceae. Calamansi, Daley's Fruit Trees

Citron (Citrus medica), cedrat, large fragrant fruit, very aromatic rind, little juice, candied, pickles | Limonene | Pinene | Himalayan
region, Rutaceae.
Citron, Daley's Fruit Trees

Clementine (Citrus x clementina), hybrid between mandarin and sweet orange, Mediterranean, Rutaceae.

Grapefruit (Citrus x paradisi), medium to large tree, fast growing, fruit, large, yellow, subacid, used fresh, juice, propagation from
budding | CPY3A4 | Limonene | Pinene | bitter taste from Naringin | West Indies, Rutaceae.
Red variety contains Lycopene.
Grapefruit, Daley's Fruit Trees

Kaffir lime (Citrus hystrix), makrut lime, kieffer lime, "Mauritius papeda", perennial,
up to 3-5 metres, rough green peel lime-like aroma, very aromatic tough lemon-scented leaves valued in Thai and Indonesian cooking
to flavour rice, meat dishes, curries, soups, as
finely- chopped garnish, small fruit eaten, leaves in rinse for hair, culinary uses
Citral | Citronellal | Limonene
| Pinene | herbal medicine, combava oil, Rutaceae.
Kaffir Lime, Mudbrick Cottage Herb Farm
Kaffir lime, Citrus macoptera, Melanesian papeda, Rutaceae, may be the same as Citrus hystrix.
Rough lemon (Citrus jambhiri), cultivars used as rootstocks, Rutaceae.
Kaffir lime, Daley's Fruit Trees

Kumquat (Citrus japonica), cumquat, round cumquat, small orange-like fruit, 2.5.cm diameter, "lucky" Chinese pot plant,
some varieties bitter so used for marmalades, other varieties eaten whole including skin, preserved in syrup, candied, monoterpenes,
favanone glycosides, Southeast Asia, Rutaceae.
Kumquat, Daley's Fruit Trees
Oval kumquat (Fortunella margarita), nagami kumquat, cumquat, shrub or small tree, evergreen, small orange-like fruit, 2.5 cm
diameter, sour, used for marmalade, conserves, propagation from budding, South East China, Rutaceae.

Key lime (Citrus x aurantifolia), sour lime, Mexican lime, West Indian lime, bartender's lime, small tree, fruit has many seeds, small
to medium yellow when mature, very sour | Citral | Limonene | aromatic, used juice, pie, budding, air-layering, propagation from seeds,
cuttings, for home planting, South Asia, Rutaceae.
Dried herb sold as lime peel.
Key Lime, Daley's Fruit Trees

Lemon (Citrus x limon), small tree, evergreen, fast growing, fruit, small to large, some rough skin, sour, used juice, flavouring,
propagation from budding, air-layering, cuttings | Limonene | Pinene South Asia, Rutaceae.
See diagram: Lemon
Dwarf lemon, Daley's Fruit Trees
Verna lemon, Daley's Fruit Trees
See diagram: Bush lemon, Citrus jambhin
Citrus limon, Lisbon lemon
Dried herb sold as lemon peel.
Lisbon lemon, Daley's Fruit Trees
Lemonade tree, Citrus limon X reticulata
Lemonade tree, Daley's Fruit Trees

Mandarin lime (Citrus x limonia), Rangpur lime, Canton lemon, marmalade, India, Rutaceae.

Mandarin orange (Citrus reticulata), chen pi, mandarin small tree, small, flat, red, sweet fruit easy to peel but fragile, distinctive
aroma of | Thymol | also: Limonene | Pinene | Rutaceae.
Dried herb sold as peel.
Mandarin orange, Daley's Fruit Trees

Mango Lime, Daley's Fruit Trees

Meyer lemon (Citrus x myeri), lorange, food item | Limonene | Pinene | Thymol | ornamental, China, Rutaceae.
See diagram: Myer lemon
Meyer lemon, Daley's Fruit Trees

Myrtle-leaved orange tree (Citrus myrtifolia), flavouring in "Chinotto" and "Campari", small compact orange tree. grown in pots,
Rutaceae.

Pomelo (Citrus maxima), shaddock, pummelo, medium tree, evergreen, large fast-growing fruit, thick skin, large pink or yellow
juice vesicles, used fresh, peel candied, propagation from budding, South Asia, Rutaceae.
Pummelo, Daley's Fruit Trees

Round lime Microcitrus australis, Rutaceae.

Satsuma mandarin (Citrus reticulata subsp. unshiu), unshu orange, cold hardy mandarin, seedless, easy to peel, Japan, Rutaceae.
Tangor (Citrus reticulata x sinensis) (mandarin-orange cross), temple orange, temple tangor, king orange, medium tree, evergreen,
fruit very sweet, large, rough skin, juice used fresh, propagation from budding, Southeast Asia, Rutaceae.
Satsuma, Daley's Fruit Trees

Sour orange (Citrus X aurantium subsp. amara), bitter orange, Seville orange, evergreen, fast growing, medium tree, fruit, large,
sour, essential oil neroli from flowers and bergamot from fruit, bigarade oil, neroli oil, orange flower oil, petitgrain orange oil,
orange flower water used to flavour sweets in Middle East
Citral | neohesperidin | Limonene | used as juice, marmalade, propagation from seeds, air-layering, cuttings, used rootstock for other citrus,
South Asia, Rutaceae.
Rootstock used for grafting lemons

Sweet lime (Citrus limetta), sweet lemon, sweet limetta, Italian lime, limette oil, Southeast Asia, Rutaceae.

Sweet orange (Citrus x sinensis), "orange", Citrus aurantium Sweet Orange Group, sweet oranges, blood oranges, navel oranges),
orange blossom oil, orange peel | Limonene | Pinene | southern China, Turkey, Ghana,
South Africa, Rutaceae.
See diagram: Sweet orange fruit, transverse section)
(Essential oils: neroli oil from flowers, petitgrain oil from leaves, orange oil from peel, also pectin from peel.)
Dried herb sold as sweet orange peel and sweet orange peel fine cut, up to 3 mm, powder, and fruit segments.
Navel orange has second row of carpels, the "navel", at the fruit apex, no seeds, but standing juice may turn bitter with formation of
Limonin terpene.
Blood oranges have red pulp containing anthocyanin pigments.
Citrus sinensis, Daley's Fruit Trees

Tangerine (Citrus tangerina) (possibly a type of mandarin orange), small to medium tree, fruit, round, sweet, loose-skinned, used
fresh, unshu orange, soft sweet fruit, juice, rootstock, budding, propagation from seeds, thought to come from Tangier, Limonene,
South Asia, Rutaceae.

Tahitian lime (Citrus x latifolia), Persian lime, Bearss lime, small tree, fruit medium green, very sour, Citral, aromatic, used juice,
processed products, budding, air-layering, cuttings, Rutaceae.
Tahitian Lime, Daley's Fruit Trees

Tangelo (Citrus x tangelo, Citrus reticulata x C. paradisi), honeybells, tangors, medium tree, evergreen, fast growing, hybrid of
tangerine and grapefruit, juicy, tart taste, easy to peel, "nipple" at the stem large fruit, used fresh or juice, propagation from budding,
Florida, West Indies, Rutaceae.
Dwarf tangelo, Daley's Fruit Trees
Tangelo, 'Minneola', Daley's Fruit Trees
Tangelo, 'Seminole', Daley's Fruit Trees

Trifoliate orange (Citrus trifoliata), Japanese bitter orange, small tree, large thorns on roots, with trifoliate, deciduous leaves, globose
fruit, used as rootstock and to develop hybrids, fruits too bitter to eat but used in marmalade, ornamental, China, Rutaceae.

Orange berry (Glycosmis trifoliata), orange berry, lime berry, orange berry tree, pink lime, Australian native food, Rutaceae.
Flowers and fruits as an attractive shrub about 2-4 m tall, foliage is glossy and aromatic, tiny white fragrant flowers, small orange to
pink juicy fruit, sweet and honey flavoured with resinous overtones. fruits used for jam that taste like candied honey, use for mixed screen,
Australian native food, Rutaceae
See diagram: Orange berry
Orange berry, Daley's Fruit Trees

Curry leaf tree (Murraya koenigii), large shrub or small tree, up to 6 m, main trunk
brown-black covered in small white dots, attractive leafed, tree, or prune as tub specimen, culinary uses in southern India and Malaysia,
mild taste not like curry, aromatic leaves used in curries, stir fries, stews, chutney, contains aromatic terpenes and carbazole alkaloids.
antioxidant and anti-inflammatory | Caryophyllene | Isosafrole | Pinene | Terpineol | herbal medicine, traditional folk remedy for indigestion, nausea,
ornamental, hedge, India, Sri Lanka, Rutaceae.
Dried herb sold as leaves.
Curry Leaf Tree, Mudbrick Cottage Herb Farm, See text below images.
See diagram: Curry Leaf Tree
Curry Leaf Tree, Daley's Fruit Trees
Orange jessamine (Murraya paniculata), mock orange, small tree, small orange-red fruit, hardy hedge, bee farms, pastoral weed,
Phellandrene, herbal medicine, timber for handles, Southern China, South Asia, Rutaceae.

Rue (Ruta graveolens), common rue, garden rue, herb of grace o' Sundays ( used to sprinkle holy water), true-love, herb Paris,
one berry, herbygrass, culinary use rare because bitter and gastric discomfort, (extremely bitter taste so symbol of repentance), herbal
medicine, large dose of rue oil is poisonous (Shakespeare's Richard II), India, Balkans, Rutaceae.
Rue, Mudbrick Cottage Herb Farm, See text below images.
Dried herb sold as aerials.
Rue variety (Ruta graveolens, 'Jackman's Blue'), Jackman's Blue, common rue, herb-of-grace, perennial, up to 1 metre, hardy plant,
companion plant, herbal medicine, used as wash for eyes and in oil for rub, contains hydroxy alpha sanshool, C16H25NO2, Rutaceae.

Zanthoxylum species
Prickly ash (Zanthoxylum americanum), common prickly ash, up to 10 m, membranous leaflets, axillary flower
clusters, antifungal oil from bark used as folk medicine, North America, Rutaceae.
Dried herb sold as bark.
Japanese pepper (Zanthoxylum piperitum), sansho, Japanese prickly ash | Citronellal | Linalool | Myrcene | Japan, Rutaceae.
Chinese pepper (Zanthoxylum simulans), Sichuan pepper, Chinese prickly ash, prickly oil | Citronellol | Geraniol | Linalool |
Methyl cinnamate | Myrcene | Phellandrene | Pinene | Sanshool | (Chelerythrine chloride in root) | herbal medicine, China, Rutaceae.

9.3.0 Plant classification
Classification based on APG-II 2003 (Angiosperm Phylogeny Group III system)
9.2.1 Plant classification, by scientific names (files in this website)
9.2.2 Plant classification, "An integrated system of classification of flowering plants"
Based on Cronquist, A. 1981,
An integrated system of classification of flowering plants, The New York Botanical Garden, Columbia
University Press, New York.
9.0.0 Plant kingdom

9.2.1 Plant classification, by scientific names
Plants, A
Plants, B to C
Plants, D to H
Plants, I to N
Plants, O to P
Plants, Q to S
Plants, T to Z
Not flowering plants

9.2.2 Plant classification, "An integrated system of classification of flowering plants", Based on Cronquist, A. 1981,
An integrated system of classification of flowering plants, The New York Botanical Garden, Columbia, University Press, New York.

9.2.1 Plant classification, all plants
Plants, Classification, monocotyledons and dicotyledons
Plant classification based on Cronquist, A. 1981, "An integrated system of classification of flowering plants".
The New York Botanical Garden, Columbia University Press, New York.

Kingdom: Plantae, plants
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta, vascular plants
Superdivision: Spermatophyta, seed plants
Division: Magnoliophyta, flowering plants, angiosperms
Class: Magnoliopsida, dicotyledons
Subclass: Rosidae
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae (Leguminosae) pea family
Genus: Pisum, pea
Species: Pisum sativum, garden pea

Class: Liliopsida, monocotyledons
Subclass: Commelinidae
Order: Cyperales
Family: Poaceae (Gramineae) grass family
Genus: Triticum, wheat
Species:
Triticum aestivum, "bread wheat" (vitamin E in wheat germ) edible grain (hexaploid)
Triticum turgidum, var. durum, durum wheat, edible grain (tetraploid)

Class: Magnoliopsida, dicotyledons
Subclass Magnolidae
Order Magnoliales
1. Winteraceae, Tasmania lanceolata (Drimys lanceolata) mountain pepper
2. Degeneriaceae
3. Himantandraceae
4. Eupomatiaceae
5. Austrobaileyaceae
6. Magnoliaceae magnolia
7. Lactoridaceae
8. Annonaceae Annona reticulata, custard apple
9. Myristacaceae Myrista fragrans, nutmeg
10. Canellaceae

Order Laurales
11. Amborellaceae
12. Trimeniaceae
13. Monimiaceae
14. Gomortegaceae
15. Calycanthaceae
16. Idiospermaceae
17. Lauraceae, Cinnamomum cassia, bay cinnamon, Cinnamomum camphora, camphor laurel
18. Hernandiaceae

Order Piperales
19. Chloranthaceae
20. Saururaceae
21. Piperaceae, Piper nigrum, pepper, black pepper, Piper methysticum, kava

Order Aristolochiales
22. Aristolochiaceae

Order Illiciales
23. Illiciaceae
24. Schisandraceae

Order Nymphaeales
25. Nelumbonaceae, Nelumbo, lotus
26. Nymphaeaceae, Victoria amazonica, water lily
27. Barclayaceae
28. Cabombaceae, Brasenia peltata, water-shield
29. Ceratophyllaceae

Order Ranunculales
30. Ranunculaceae buttercup
30.1 Glaucidiaceae
31. Circaeasteraceae
32. Berberidaceae, Berberis vulgaris, common barberry
33. Sargentodoxaceae
34. Lardizabalaceae
35. Menispermaceae
36. Coriariaceae
37. Sabiaceae
37.1 Meliosmaceae

Order Papaverales
38. Papaveraceae, Papaver somniferum, opium poppy, poppy, in Papaver
39. Fumariaceae, Fumaria, common fumitory

subclass Hamamelididae
Order Trochodendrales
40. Tetracentraceae
41. Trochodendraceae

Order Hamamelidales
42. Cercidiphyllaceae
43. Eupteleaceae
44. Platanaceae
45. Hamamelidaceae, Hamamelis virginiana, witch hazel
46. Myrothamnaceae

Order Daphniphyllales
47. Daphniphyllaceae

Order Didymelales
48. Didymelaceae

Order Eucommiales
49. Eucommiaceae, Eucomia (Chinese herb)

Order Urticales
50. Barbeyaceae
51. Ulmaceae
52. Cannabaceae, Cannabis sativa, cannabis, Indian hemp, marijuana
53. Moraceae, Morus alba (Morus nigra) white mulberry, common black mulberry
54. Cecropiaceae
55. Urticaceae, Urtica dioica, stinging nettle

Order Leitneriales
56. Leitneriaceae corkwood

Order Juglandales
57. Rhoipteleaceae
58. Juglandaceae walnut

Order Myricales
59. Myricaceae bayberry

Order Fagales
60. Balanopaceae
61. Fagaceae, Fagus sylvatica, European beech tree
62. Betulaceae, Betula pendula, birch tree

Order Casuarinales
63. Casuarinaceae, she-oak
63A Nothofagaceae, southern beech
63B Corylacaceae
63C Ticodendraceae

subclass Caryophyllidae
Order Caryophyllales
64. Phytolaccaceae
64.1 Agdestidaceae
64.2 Barbeuiaceae
64.3 Gisekiaceae
64.4 Stegnospermataceae
65. Achatocarpaceae
66. Nyctaginaceae
67. Aizoaceae
68. Didiereaceae
69. Cactaceae
70. Chenopodiaceae, Chenopodium ambrosioides, wormseed, Mexican tea
70.1 Halophytaceae
71. Amaranthaceae
72. Portulacaceae
72.1 Hectorellaceae
73. Basellaceae, Basella alba, basella, Indian spinach, Ceylon spinach
74. Molluginaceae
75. Caryophyllaceae
75.1 Illecebraceae

Order Polygonales
76. Polygonaceae

Order Plumbaginales
77. Plumbaginaceae

subclass Dillenidae
Order Dilleniales
78. Dilleniaceae, Dillenia suffruticosa, shrubby dillenia
79. Paeoniaceae

Order Theales
80. Ochnaceae
80.1 Diegodendraceae
80.2 Strasburgeriaceae
81. Sphaerosepalaceae
82. Sarcolaenaceae
83. Dipterocarpaceae
84. Caryocaraceae, Caryocar, caryocar
85. Theaceae, Thea sinensis, camelia, Theobroma cacao, cocoa, Camellia sinensis, tea plant
85.1 Asteropeiaceae
86. Actinidiaceae, Actinidia deliciosa, kiwi fruit, Chinese gooseberry
87. Scytopetalaceae
88. Pentaphylacaceae
89. Tetrameristaceae
90 Pellicieraceae
91. Oncothecaceae
92. Marcgraviaceae
93. Quiinaceae
94. Elatinaceae, Elatine, water wort
95. Paracryphiaceae
96. Medusagynaceae
97. Clusiaceae, Clusia, attorney

Order Malvales
98. Elaeocarpaceae
99. Tiliaceae
100 Sterculiaceae, Sterculia urens, sterculia
101 Bombacaceae, Bombax malabaricum, silk cotton tree
102 Malvaceae, Abelmoschus esculentus (Hibiscus esculentus), okra lady's finger, Gossypium barbadense, sea island cotton

Order Lecythidales
103 Lecythidaceae, Lecythis ollaria, sapucaia nut

Order Nepenthales
104 Sarraceniaceae
105 Nepenthaceae
106 Droseraceae, Drosera rotundifolia, drosera

Order Violales
107 Flacourtiaceae, Flacourtia, flacourtia
107.1 Plagiopteraceae
108 Peridiscaceae
109 Bixaceae, Bixa orellana, achiote, lipstick tree, annatto
109.1 Cochlospermaceae
110 Cistaceae, Cistus, rock rose
111 Huaceae
112 Lacistemataceae
113 Scyphostegiaceae
114 Stachyuraceae
115 Violaceae
116 Tamaricaceae
117 Frankeniaceae, Frankenia, sea heath
118 Dioncophyllaceae
119 Ancistrocladaceae
120 Turneraceae
121 Malesherbiaceae
122 Passifloraceae, Passiflora edulis,
passion fruit
123 Achariaceae
124 Caricaceae, Papaya carica, papaya
125 Fouquieriaceae, Fouquieria ocotillo
126 Hoplestigmataceae
127 Cucurbitaceae, Cucurbita maxima, pumpkin
128 Datiscaceae
129 Begoniaceae, Begonia, begonia
130 Loasaceae

Order Salicales
131 Salicaceae

Order Capparales
132 Tovariaceae
133 Capparaceae
134 Brassicaceae, Brassica, mustard
135 Moringaceae, Moringa oleifera, horse-radish tree
136 Resedaceae

Order Batales
137 Gyrostemonaceae
138 Bataceae, Batis, turtle weed

Order Ericales
139 Cyrillaceae, Cyrilla, titi
140 Clethraceae, Clethra, sweet pepper bush
141 Grubbiaceae
142 Empetraceae, Empetrum, crow berry
143 Epacridaceae, Erica, heath
144 Ericaceae
145 Pyrolaceae
146 Monotropaceae

Order Diapensiales
147 Diapensiaceae

Order Ebenales
148 Sapotaceae
149 Ebenaceae
150 Styracaceae
151 Lissocarpaceae
152 Symplocaceae

Order Primulales
153 Theophrastaceae
154 Myrsinaceae
155 Primulaceae

subclass Rosidae
Order Rosales
156 Brunelliaceae
157 Connaraceae
158 Eucryphiaceae
159 Cunoniaceae
160 Davidsoniaceae
161 Dialypetalanthaceae
162 Pittosporaceae
163 Byblidaceae
163.1 Roridulaceae
164 Hydrangeaceae, Hydrangea arborescens, hydrangea
165 Columelliaceae
166 Grossulariaceae
166.1 Escalloniaceae
166.2 Montiniaceae
166.3 Pterostemonaceae
167 Greyiaceae
168 Bruniaceae
169 Anisophylleaceae
170 Alseuosmiaceae
171 Crassulaceae
172 Cephalotaceae, Cephalotus follicularis,
West Australian pitcher plant
173 Saxifragaceae
173.1 Eremosynaceae
173.2 Parnassiaceae
173.3 Penthoraceae
173.4 Vahliaceae
174 Rosaceae
175 Neuradaceae
176 Crossosomataceae
177 Chrysobalanaceae
178 Surianaceae
178.1 Stylobasiaceae
179 Rhabdodendraceae

Order Fabales
180 Mimosaceae (or subfamily Mimosoideae), Acacia, Mimosa
181 Caesalpiniaceae (or subfamily Caesalpinioideae), Cassia, Senna
182 Fabaceae (Fabaceae) (or subfamily
Faboideae or Papilionoideae), Lupinus

Order Proteales
183 Elaeagnaceae
184 Proteaceae

Order Podostemales
185 Podostemaceae

Order Haloragales
186 Haloragaceae
187 Gunneraceae

Order Myrtales
188 Sonneratiaceae
189 Lythraceae
190 Penaeaceae
191 Crypteroniaceae
192 Thymelaeaceae
193 Trapaceae
194 Myrtaceae, Eucalyptus, eucalyptus
195 Punicaceae
196 Onagraceae
197 Oliniaceae
198 Melastomataceae
199 Combretaceae

Order Rhizophorales
200 Rhizophoraceae

Order Cornales
201 Alangiaceae
202 Nyssaceae
203 Cornaceae, Cornus florida, dogwood
203.1 Aralidiaceae
203.2 Aucubaceae
203.3 Griseliniaceae
203.4 Helwingiaceae
203.5 Melanophyllaceae
203.6 Torricelliaceae
204 Garryaceae

Order Santalales
205 Medusandraceae
206 Dipentodontaceae
207 Olacaceae
208 Opiliaceae
209 Santalaceae
210 Misodendraceae
211 Loranthaceae, Loranthus, bird vine
212 Viscaceae
213 Eremolepidaceae
214 Balanophoraceae
214.1 Cynomoriaceae

Order Raffiesiales
215 Hydnoraceae
216 Mitrastemonaceae
217 Rafflesiaceae

Order Celastrales
218 Geissolomataceae
219 Celastraceae
219.1 Canotiaceae
219.2 Goupiaceae
219.3 Lophopyxidaceae
220 Hippocrateaceae
221 Stackhousiaceae
222 Salvadoraceae
223 Aquifoliaceae
223.1 Phellinaceae
223.2 Sphenostemonaceae
224 Icacinaceae
225 Aextoxicaceae
226 Cardiopteridaceae
227 Corynocarpaceae
228 Dichapetalaceae

Order Euphorbiales
229 Buxaceae, Buxus sempervirens, common box tree, English box tree
230 Simmondsiaceae
231 Pandaceae, Pandanus tectorius, screw-pine
232 Euphorbiaceae, Euphorbia pulcherrima, poinsettia

Order Rhamnales
233 Rhamnaceae
234 Leeaceae
235 Vitaceae

Order Linales
236 Erythroxylaceae, Erythroxylon, coca, coca shrub
237 Humiriaceae
238 Ixonanthaceae
239 Hugoniaceae
240 Linaceae

Order Polygalales
241 Malpighiaceae, Malpighia glabra (M. punicifolia), Barbados cherry
242 Vochysiaceae
242.1 Euphroniaceae
243 Trigoniaceae
244 Tremandraceae
245 Polygalaceae
245.1 Emblingiaceae
246 Xanthophyllaceae
247 Krameriaceae

Order Sapindales
248 Staphyleaceae
249 Melianthaceae
250 Bretschneideraceae
251 Akaniaceae
252 Sapindaceae
252.1 Ptaeroxylaceae
253 Hippocastanaceae
254 Aceraceae, Acer campestre, common maple tree
255 Burseraceae
256 Anacardiaceae, Anarcardium occidentale, cashew
256.1 Podoaceae
257 Julianiaceae
258 Simaroubaceae
258.1 Irvingiaceae
259 Cneoraceae
260 Meliaceae
261 Rutaceae, Ruta graveolens, rue, Citrus sinensis, orange
262 Zygophyllaceae
262.1 Balanitaceae

Order Geraniales
263 Oxalidaceae, Oxalis tuberosa, oca
263.1 Lepidobotryaceae
264 Geraniaceae, Geranium carolinianum, "true geraniums", geranium
265 Limnanthaceae
266 Tropaeolaceae, Tropaeolum majus, nasturtium
267 Balsaminaceae

Order Apiales
268 Araliaceae
269 Apiaceae (Umbelliferae), Apium graveolens, dulce, celery smallage wild celery

subclass Asteridae
Order Gentianales
270 Loganiaceae
271 Retziaceae
272 Gentianaceae, Gentiana triflora, gentian
273 Saccifoliaceae
274 Apocynaceae, Apocynum cannabinum, dogbane, red Indian hemp
275 Asclepiadaceae, Asclepias fructicosa, milkweed

Order Solanales
276 Duckeodendraceae
277 Nolanaceae
278 Solanaceae, Solanum tuberosum, potato
279 Convolvulaceae, Convolvulus, bind weed
280 Cuscutaceae, Cuscuta australis, dodder
281 Menyanthaceae
282 Polemoniaceae
282.1 Cobaeaceae
283 Hydrophyllaceae, Hydrophyllum, water leaf

Order Lamiales
284 Lennoaceae
285 Boraginaceae, Borago officinalis, borage
286 Verbenaceae
286.1 Avicenniaceae
286.2 Phrymaceae
286.3 Stilbaceae
287 Lamiaceae
287.1 Tetrachondraceae

Order Callitrichales
288 Hippuridaceae, Hippuris, mare's-tail
289 Callitrichaceae, Callitriche, water-starwort
290 Hydrostachyaceae

Order Plantaginales
291 Plantaginaceae

Order Scrophulariales
292 Buddlejaceae, Buddleja, butterfly bush
293 Oleaceae
294 Scrophulariaceae
295 Globulariaceae
296 Myoporaceae
297 Orobanchaceae
298 Gesneriaceae, Gesneria, gesneria
299 Acanthaceae, Acanthus spinosus, acanthus
300 Pedaliaceae
301 Bignoniaceae
302 Mendonciaceae
303 Lentibulariaceae

Order Campanulales
304 Pentaphragmataceae
305 Sphenocleaceae
306 Campanulaceae, Campanula, bellflower, bluebell
307 Stylidiaceae
308 Donatiaceae
309 Brunoniaceae
310 Goodeniaceae, Goodenia ovata, goodenia

Order Rubiales
311 Rubiaceae, Coffea, arabica, arabica coffee, Coffea canephora, robusta coffee
312 Theligonaceae

Order Dipsacales
313 Caprifoliaceae, Abelia chinensis, abelia
313.1 Carlemanniaceae
314 Adoxaceae, Adoxa, adoxa
315 Valerianaceae, Valeriana, valerian
315.1 Triplostegiaceae
316 Dipsacaceae, Dipsacus fullonum, teasel
316.1 Morinaceae

Order Calycerales
317 Calyceraceae

Order Asterales
318 Asteraceae (Compositae), Aster amellus, aster, Artemisia absinthium, sage brush wormwood, Helianthus annuus, sunflower

class: Liliopsida, monocotyledons
subclass Alismatidae
Order Alismatales
319 Butomaceae, Butomus umbellatus
320 Limnocharitaceae, Limnocharis, velvet leaf, Hydrocleys, hydrocleys
321 Alismataceae, Alisma, water plantain

Order Hydrocharitales
322 Hydrocharitaceae, Hydrocharis, hydrocharis, Blyxa, blyxa

Order Najadales
323 Aponogetonaceae, Aponogeton, aponogeton
324 Scheuchzeriaceae
325 Juncaginaceae
325.1 Lilaeaceae
326 Potamogetonaceae, Potamogeton, curled pond weed
327 Ruppiaceae
328 Najadaceae
329 Zannichelliaceae
330 Posidoniaceae
331 Cymodoceaceae, Cymodocea, cymodocea
332 Zosteraceae, Zostera, eel grass, seawrack

Order Triuridales
333 Petrosaviaceae
334 Triuridaceae

subclass Arecidae
Order Arecales
335 Arecaceae (Palmae), Areca catechu, areca palm, betel palm, Phoenix dactylifera, date palm, Elaeis guineensis, African oil palm

Order Cyclanthales
336 Cyclanthaceae, Carludovica palmata,
Panama hat plant

Order Pandanales
337 Pandanaceae, Pandanus tectorius, screw-pine, pandanas

Order Arales
338 Araceae, Zantedeschia aethiopica, arum lily, white callas
338.1 Acoraceae, Acorus, sweet flag
339 Lemnaceae, Lemna, duckweed, Wolffia arrhiza, duckweed

subclass Commelinidae
Order Commelinales
340 Rapateaceae
341 Xyridaceae
342 Mayacaceae
343 Commelinaceae, Commelina, water grass, all have raphides,

Order Eriocaulales
344 Eriocaulaceae, Lachnocaulon, bog button

Order Restionales
345 Flagellariaceae
346 Joinvilleaceae, Joinvillea
347 Restionaceae
347.1 Anarthriaceae
347.2 Ecdeiocoleaceae
348 Centrolepidaceae

Order Juncales
349 Juncaceae, Juncus, rush
350 Thurniaceae

Order Cyperales
351 Cyperaceae, Cyperus esculentus, tiger nut yellow nutsedge sedge
Cyperus eragrostis, tall flat sedge, Pot number 92
352 Poaceae (Gramineae), Poa pratensis, Kentucky blue grass grasses

Order Hydatellales
353 Hydatellaceae

Order Typhales
354 Sparganiaceae
355 Typhaceae, Typha, bulrush

subclass Zingiberidae
Order Bromeliales
356 Bromeliaceae, Bromelia, Ananas comosus (Bromelia comosa) pineapple

Order Zingiberales
357 Strelitziaceae, Strelitzia, bird-of-paradise plant
358 Heliconiaceae, Heliconia, heliconia
359 Musaceae, Musa acuminata, banana
360 Lowiaceae
361 Zingiberaceae, Zingiber officinale, ginger
362 Costaceae, Costus, costus grass
363 Cannaceae, Canna indica, canna
364 Marantaceae, Maranta arundinacea, arrowroot

subclass Lilidae
Order Liliales
365 Philydraceae, Philydrum
366 Pontederiaceae, Pontederia, pickerel weed, Eichhornia, water hyacinth
367 Haemodoraceae, Wachendorfia
368 Cyanastraceae
369 Alliaceae (Liliaceae), Lilium, lily, Agapanthus
369.1 Alliaceae (Alliaceae are Liliaceae with
inferior ovary), Allium, onion
369.2 Alstroemeriaceae
369.3 Amaryllidaceae, Clivea miniata, Narcissus pseudonarcissus, daffodil, asphodel
369.4 Anthericaceae
369.5 Aphyllanthaceae
369.6 Asparagaceae
369.7 Asphodelaceae
369.8 Asteliaceae
369.9 Blandfordiaceae
369.10 Colchicaceae
369.11 Convallariaceae
369.12 Eriospermaceae
369.13 Hemerocallidaceae
369.14 Herreriaceae
369.15 Hostaceae
369.16 Hyacinthaceae
369.17 Hypoxidaceae
369.18 Ixioliriaceae
369.19 Melanthiaceae
369.20 Ruscaceae
369.21 Tecophilaeaceae
369.22 Trilliaceae
370 Iridaceae, Aristea, aristea
371 Velloziaceae
372 Aloeaceae
373 (Agavoideae), Asparagaceae, Agave americana, century plant
373.1 Doryanthaceae
373.2 Dracaenaceae
373.3 Phormiaceae
374 Asphodelaceae (Xanthorrhoeaceae), Xanthorrhoea australis, blackboy, grass tree
374.1 Calectasiaceae
374.2 Dasypogonaceae
374.3 Lomandraceae
375 Hanguanaceae, Hanguana
376 Taccaceae, Tacca leontopetaloides, East Indian arrowroot
377 Stemonaceae, Croomia, croomia
378 Smilacaceae
378.1 Petermanniaceae
378.2 Philesiaceae
378.3 Rhipogonaceae
379 Dioscoreaceae, Dioscorea alata, greater yam, winged yam "common yam"
379.1 Trichopodaceae

Order Orchidales
381 Geosiridaceae
381 Burmanniaceae, Burmannia, blue thread, Apteria, apteria
382 Corsiaceae
383 Orchidaceae